Andorra is one of the smallest countries in Europe. It is located among the high mountains of the Pyrenees region within close proximity to Spain and France. Despite being a small country, it has a sustainable economy fueled mainly by tourism as several tourists travel to Andorra annually. In fact, the tourism industry accounts for up to 80% of the country’s GDP. An annual estimate of 10 million tourists visit Andorra. The country enjoys both alpine and continental climate, depending on what time of the year it is.
The banking sector in Andorra also enjoys a partial status as tax-haven. This, together with tourism, enables Andorra to become one of the wealthier nations in Europe for its size.
Aside from a good quality of living, the people of Andorra also enjoy high life expectancy. The average person in Andorra lives up to 82 years of age. As part of the government program, all employed individuals in Andorra can also enjoy free healthcare services.
History of Andorra.
Andorra is a landlocked country in Southwestern Europe, which is bordered by Spain and France. It is one of the smallest states in Europe with the city of Andorra la Vella as its capital. The independence of this small state can be attributed to Charlemagne after he helped the state recover its independence from the Muslim invaders in the year 803. Charlemagne, along with his son Louis I provided the inhabitants of Andorra charter of liberties.
Meanwhile, it was the grandson of Charlemagne – Charles II- who granted the control of Andorra to the counts of Urgel. For this reason, Andorra had allegiance to two princes: one with Spain and the other to the prince of France. During the late 13th century, the two countries fought over control of Andorra. Consequently, the two had joint governance of Andorra under the bishop of Spain and the head of state of France.
The feudal system in Andorra was the setup until the year 1993. It was during this time when a constitution was enacted that significantly reduced the power of the princes in Spain and France. Eventually, a separate executive, legislative, and judiciary branch of government was formed in Andorra. They officially became a member of the United Nations and Council of Europe in 1993 and 1994, respectively.